antibody - Meaning in Hindi

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IPA: æntɪbɑdiHindi: ऐन्टिबाडी / ऐन्टीबाडी


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Definitions and Meaning of antibody in English

antibody noun

  1. any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response.



An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses. The antibody recognizes a unique molecule of the pathogen, called an antigen. Each tip of the "Y" of an antibody contains a paratope that is specific for one particular epitope on an antigen, allowing these two structures to bind together with precision. Using this binding mechanism, an antibody can tag a microbe or an infected cell for attack by other parts of the immune system, or can neutralize it directly.

प्रतिपिंड (एंटीबॉडी), के नाम से भी जाने जाते हैं, गामा रक्तगोलिका (globulin) प्रोटीन हैं, जो मेरुदण्डीय प्राणियों के रक्त या अन्य शारीरिक तरल पदार्थों में पाए जाते हैं, तथा इनका प्रयोग प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली द्वारा बैक्टीरिया तथा वायरस (विषाणु) जैसे बाह्य पदार्थों को पहचानने तथा उन्हें बेअसर करने में किया जाता है। ये आम तौर पर पांच संरचनात्मक ईकाइयों से मिल कर बने हैं-जिनमे से प्रत्येक की दो बड़ी व भारी श्रृंखलाएं तथा दो छोटी व हल्की श्रृंखलाएं होती हैं-जो एक साथ मिल कर, उदाहरण के लिए, एक इकाई के साथ मोनोमर्स (monomers), दो इकाईयों के साथ डाइमर्स (dimers) और पांच इकाईयों के साथ मिल कर पेंटामर्स (pentamers) बनाती हैं। प्रतिपिंड (एंटीबॉडी) एक प्रकार की सफ़ेद रक्त कोशिका से निर्मित होते हैं जिन्हें प्लाविका कोशिका कहा जाता है। प्रतिपिंड (एंटीबॉडी) भारी श्रृंखलाएं तथा प्रतिपिंड (एंटीबॉडी) भी कई विभिन्न प्रकार के हैं, जो सामूहिक रूप से अलग-अलग प्रकार के आइसोटाइप (isotypes) बनाते हैं, जो उनकी भारी श्रृंखला पर आधारित होते हैं। स्तनधारियों में पांच विभिन्न प्रकार के प्रतिपिंड (एंटीबॉडी) ज्ञात हैं, जो अलग अलग कार्य करते हैं, तथा वे विभिन्न प्रकार के बाह्य पदार्थ से लड़ने के लिए उचित प्रतिरक्षा (इम्यून) प्रतिक्रिया को जानने में सहायता करते हैं।

Also see "Antibody" on Wikipedia


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About antibody in Hindi

See antibody meaning in Hindi, antibody definition, translation and meaning of antibody in Hindi. Learn and practice the pronunciation of antibody. Find the answer of what is the meaning of antibody in Hindi. देेखें antibody का हिन्दी मतलब, antibody का मीनिंग, antibody का हिन्दी अर्थ, antibody का हिन्दी अनुवाद।

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What is antibody meaning in Hindi, antibody translation in Hindi, antibody definition, pronunciations and examples of antibody in Hindi. antibody का हिन्दी मीनिंग, antibody का हिन्दी अर्थ, antibody का हिन्दी अनुवाद

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