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Basic rules of grammar

There are many rules to follow in grammar. Read these basic rules to understand the basics of it and slowly develop and improve the language.

05 Aug 2021
Basic rules of grammar

English is a language which has many rules. A beginner can find this language to be very difficult in the beginning as these rules may seem difficult to follow. Read the article below and try to understand these rules and improve your grammar skills. 

Rule 1

Always use active voice

In most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action indicated by the verb. Every language starts with an active sentence. In English, the verb follows the subject, and if there is an object, it follows the verb.

Verb: Action words are called as verbs.

Subject: A subject is a word phrase that controls the verb in the clause. 

Object: A noun or a noun phrase that is governed by a verb or a preposition.

The formula for this would look like, Subject + Verb + Object.

Here are a few examples,

  • Mary jumped the rope.
  • Peter climbed the wall.
  • I did not like the dog. 

Rule 2

Use comma whenever you want to connect two ideas to make it one

Usually coordinating conjugations are used to connect two ideas to form one single sentence. But it is also important to add a comma in this sentence.

Rule 3

Use simple present tense for habitual actions

Simple present tense is the tense you are supposed to use every time you express your habit or a habitual action. For example, if you do something everyday, or every Wednesday, it is described with a simple present tense. 

For example,

  • I walk Mary’s dog every Wednesday. 

Rule 4

Add -ed to verbs of past tense

When we are talking about things that happened in the past, we have to add -ed to the verb. Irregular verbs can be tricky and need more reading and understanding. But, most of the time, you make it a past tense by adding -ed to the verb.

For example,

  • Susan played the piano.
  • Rita danced at the reception. 

Rule 5

Pay attention to Homophones, Homographs and Homonyms

This might be difficult at first but understanding this makes learning, speaking and writing English makes it easy. 

Rule 6

Start a sentence with a capital letter. 

Every sentence in English should start with a capital letter. 

For example,

  • The cat is under the chair.
  • This is a beautiful design.

These are the basic grammar rules. Understanding and consistently following these rules might help you develop and improve this language.

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